RSS founders 'endorsed' Nazis: It’s well-nigh impossible for races, cultures to 'coexist'-I

By Shamsul Islam. Dated: 9/24/2020 9:37:51 AM

“This group of Hindu nationalist leaders declared India to be a Hindu nation where the main enemies were Muslims and Christians of India. According to them Muslims and Christians remained out of this nationhood because they did not assimilate into the Hindu cultural heritage or the Hindu religion. Savarkar argued that they…”

The process of Hindutva takeover of the democratic-secular Indian polity got huge push with Narendra Modi, a seasoned RSS ideologue, becoming PM of India in 2014. His commitment to the cause of the Hindutva politics and hatred for the Indian democratic-secular polity has been unambiguous. While ruling the State of Gujarat as the chief minister in 2013 he had declared himself to be a Hindu nationalist.
It was first time in the history of Independent India that any person occupying a constitutional office identified him/herself as Hindu nationalist. It is to be noted that terrorists who assassinated MK Gandhi on January 30, 1948 at Delhi, too, described themselves as Hindu nationalists.
His taking over as the PM was celebrated by the RSS and its innumerable known and unknown organizations with declaring open war against the democratic-secular Indian polity on a large scale. The Hindutva cadres and mobs ruled the streets of India with vehemence never seen after Independence. RSS leaders declared that with Modi as the PM India was once again under a Hindu ruler after Prithvi Raj Chauhan (1178-92); almost 1,000 years later! One leading RSS office-bearers Rajeshwar Singh declared:
"Our target is to make India a Hindu Rashtra by 2021. The Muslims and Christians don't have any right to stay here… So they would either be converted to Hinduism or forced to run away from here."
RSS was formed in 1925 by KB Hedgewar (known as Doctorji in the RSS fraternity), his mentor BS Moonje and the propounder of the idea of Hindutva, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Hedgewar was in the Indian National Congress (INC) but left it as he was against the anti-British freedom struggle led by MK Gandhi which treated people of all religions as part of the Indian nation and stood for an inclusive independent India. A biography of Hedgewar published by the RSS describes that he parted with INC because…
"Gandhiji worked constantly with one eye on Hindu-Muslim unity… But Doctorji sensed danger in that move. In fact, he did not even relish the newfangled slogan of ‘Hindu- Muslim Unity’." (Seshadri, H. V. [ed.], “Dr. Hedgewar, the Epoch-Maker: A Biography, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1981, p. 61)
Linkages with Mussolini
This group of Hindu nationalist leaders declared India to be a Hindu nation where the main enemies were Muslims and Christians of India. According to them Muslims and Christians remained out of this nationhood because they did not assimilate into the Hindu cultural heritage or the Hindu religion. Savarkar argued that they…
"cannot be recognized as Hindus; as since their adoption of the new cult they had ceased to own Hindu civilisation [Sanskriti] as a whole. They belong, or feel that they belong to, a cultural unit altogether different from the Hindu one. Their heroes and their hero-worship, their fairs and their festivals, their ideals and their outlook on-life, have now ceased to be common with ours." (Savarkar, V. D., “Hindutva”, Delhi: Bharti Sahitya Sadan, 1989; sixth edition, p. 88)
Indian Muslims and Christians were thus 'emigrants' following foreign religions, and not entitled to be part of the Indian nation which was a Hindu nation. In order to tackle the Muslims and Christian 'problem' they found Nazi and fascist projects of cleansing Jews very attractive.
The Italian researcher, Marzia Casolari, has done pioneering work in making public the direct linkages between RSS and Mussolini based on Moonje's diary. Moonje, "a politician strictly related to the RSS" had man-to-man meeting with Mussolini on March 19, 1931 (3.00 pm) at Rome. According to Moonje's own diary he told Mussolini that…
"I just saw this morning and afternoon the Balilla [Italian Fascist Youth Organization] and the Fascist Organisations and I was much impressed. Italy needs them for her development and prosperity…Every aspiring and growing Nation needs such organisations…‘Signor Mussolini–who appeared very pleased–said– Thanks but yours is an uphill task. However I wish you every success in return.’"
According to Moonje's diary immediately after his return from Rome he called upon Hindu nationalist leaders to…
"Imitate the youth movements of Germany and the Balilla and Fascist organisations of Italy. I think they are eminently suited for introduction in India, adapting them to suit the special conditions. I have been very much impressed by these movements and I have seen their activities with my own eyes in all details."
On March 31, 1934, Moonje, Hedgewar and Laloo Gokhale had a meeting, the subject of which was again the military organisation of the Hindus, along the Italian and German lines. Moonje called upon the gathering that they should work for…
"standardisation of Hinduism throughout India... But the point is that this ideal cannot be brought to effect unless we have our own swaraj with a Hindu as a dictator like Shivaji of old or Mussolini or Hitler of the present day Italy or Germany... But this does not mean that we have to sit with folded hands until some such dictator arises in India. We should formulate a scientific scheme and carry on propaganda for it…"
According to Marzia, Moonje publicly admitted that his idea of militarily reorganizing Hindu society was inspired by the “military training schools of England, France, Germany and Italy” Moonje’s ‘Preface to the Scheme of the Central Hindu Military Society and its Military School’ declared at the outset:
"This training is meant for qualifying and fitting our boys for the game of killing masses of men with the ambition of winning victory with the best possible causalities of dead and wounded while causing the utmost possible to the adversary". (All quotes from Casolari, Marzia’s ‘Hindutva’s Foreign Tie-up in the 1930’s-Archival Evidence’, “Economic & Political Weekly”, January 22, 2000, p. 221)
The renowned Indian historian, Prof Ramchandra Guha, underscoring the continuation of fascist Italian legacy by the current RSS-BJP regime wrote recently:
"The Italian State of the 1920s bears a striking resemblance to Modi’s regime today which speaks respectfully of the Constitution while blatantly violating its spirit and essence, which appeals to ancient wisdom while displaying a contempt for modern science, which claims to exalt ancient culture while manifesting an utter philistinism in practice…
"Benito Mussolini and his fascists thought they would rule Italy forever. Narendra Modi and the BJP think likewise. These fantasies of eternal rule will not come to fruition; but so long as the present regime remains in power, it will continue to extract a horrendous cost -- in economic, political, social, and moral terms. Italy took decades to recover from the ravages of Mussolini and his party; India may take even longer to recover from the ravages of Modi and his party."
Why RSS celebrated the Holocaust
The most prominent ideologue of the RSS, MS Golwalkar (known as Guru Golwalkar in the RSS fraternity) who became RSS Supremo in 1940 and who is credited by the present Indian PM to have groomed him into a political leader declared:
"If, as is indisputably proved, Hindusthan is the land of the Hindus and is the terra firma for the Hindu nation alone to flourish upon, what is to be the fate of all those, who, today, happen to live upon the land, though not belonging to the Hindu Race, Religion and culture?"(Golwalkar, MS, “We Or Our Nationhood Defined”, Nagpur, 1939, p. 45)
It would be like the Jews under Hitler and Mussolini. Thus Golwalkar glorified the Holocaust in the following words:
"German Race pride has now become the topic of the day. To keep up the purity of the race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her purging the country of the Semitic races -- the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well-nigh impossible it is for races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by." (Golwalkar, MS, “We Or Our Nationhood Defined”, Nagpur, 1939, p. 45)
Golwalkar, finally, following into the foot-steps of Hitler, arrived at the following solution for the minority problem in India:
"From this stand point, sanctioned by the experience of shrewd old nations, the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation: let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races who have chosen to live in our country." (Golwalkar, MS, “We Or Our Nationhood Defined”, Nagpur, 1939, pp. pp.47-48)
Savarkar went on to support Hitler’s anti-Jewish pogroms and on October 14, 1938, he suggested the same solution for the Muslim problem in India:
“A Nation is formed by a majority living therein. What did the Jews do in Germany? They being in minority were driven out from Germany.” (MSA, Home Special Department, 60D [g] Pt II, 1937, extract from the weekly confidential report of the District Magistrate, dated the October 21, 1938, cited in Marzia Casolari, p. 223.) (To be concluded)
*Formerly with Delhi University. Twitter: @shamsforjustice, blog: http://shamsforpeace.blogspot.com/.

 

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